Overtraining determinants in athletes (foreign literature review)

Authors: Vladimir Kurashvili
Chapter: Меdicine And Biology
Published in: 2020, 4

doi: 10.32652/olympic2020.4_5

Objective. To form modern ideas about the problem of accumulating the negative consequences of fatigue in athletes, which in unfavorable circumstances and the lack of timely correction can gradually transform into an overtraining syndrome. Methods. Analysis and synthesis of data from modern scientific and methodological literature. Results. Data on the formation of fatigue in its successive forms - functional and non-functional, on the use of metabolic predictors for the diagnosis of overtraining, including in young athletes are presented. New results have been shown regarding the fact that, unlike other manifestations of relative energy deficiency, bone tissue disorders often develop unnoticed by the athlete and are most likely irreversible. It is demonstrated that the overtraining syndrome is currently considered as the most severe consequence of fatigue that develops as a result of the accumulation of its effects in the face of insufficient recovery and low energy availability. Conclusions. The use of a complex of metabolic predictors for the timely diagnosis of fatigue and overtraining helps to preserve the health of athletes, prevents their exclusion from the training process, and ensures the achievement of competitive results of competitive activities, and sports longevity.


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Received: 18.12.2020


doi: 10.32652/olympic2020.4_5

Обзор современной литературы посвящен проблеме кумуляции у спортсменов негативных последствий длительного недовосстановления, что при неблагоприятном стечении обстоятельств может постепенно трансформироваться в переутомление и приводить к развитию синдрома перетренированности. Приведены новые данные об использовании метаболических предикторов для диагностики перетренированности у юных спортсменов.

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