Objective. To substantiate the use of substances affecting the immune system, immunomodulators, in sports practice to prevent secondary immunodeficiency disorders in athletes.
Methods. Systematization and analysis of the most recent data of scientific literature.
Results. The paper examines the possibility of the use of various immunomodulators in sports medicine and in programs of pharmacological support for sports activity depending on their origin, structure and mechanism of action on the main performance-limiting systems of an athlete. It is highlighted principles of the use of immunotropic agents, which are both known in sports practice and promising, at various stages of athletes training.
Conclusion. Inclusion of immunomodulatory drugs in schemes of pharmacological support for sports activities, with proper consideration of the stage of preparation and focus of training exercises, allows preventing development of dyschronous adaptive reactions and acute respiratory viral infections, as well as promotes increasing of physical performance.