Автори: Лариса Гуніна
Розділ: Медицина И Биология
Видано у номері: 2018, 1
Ключові слова: sport of higher achievements, sports medicine, doping, anti-doping legislation, athlete's health, спорт высших достижений, спортивная медицина, допинг, антидопинговое законодательство, здоровье спортсмена
Physician’s duty of care and anti-doping legislation: ethical and professional aspects Larisa Gunina The objective is the development of current ideas about the contradictions existing within the framework of the provisions of fundamental medicine and anti-doping legislation regarding the validity and timeliness of activities aimed at preserving the health and life of the athlete. Research methods: analysis and critical generalization of the available data on the issue under study in the modern scientific, scientific and methodological literature, the Internet, and regulatory documents.
Results of the study. To improve physical health and maintain a stable emotional and psychological state of the athlete, it is necessary to bring to equilibrium the problems of observing the moral and ethical principles of Olympism and purely practical issues of ensuring proper population and individual health of athletes, especially athletes in Olympic sports. For today, the successful completion of the recovery process is extremely difficult without the use of special pharmacological agents, including medicinal drugs, dietary supplements, and functional foods. To a large extent, it is the strict position of the anti-doping provisions and organizational prohibitions that become the negative factors that prevent the influx of new well educated professionals of sports medicine and sports pharmacology into the practice of athletic training. However, impossibility to perform to their full potential the professional medical duty to preserve the health and often the life of the athlete also contributes to this situation.
Conclusions. Along with the undoubted need to preserve the main provisions of the Anti-Doping Code, the attitude towards the health of athletes should be changed by prioritizing the "harm/benefit" criterion for establishing the Prohibited List and excluding the matters associated with the restriction of the rights and freedoms of the athlete as a member of modern society and of the sports doctor as a specialist whose professional activity is focused mainly on preserving the health of the athlete.

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