Выделены факторы риска возникновения травм и нарушений опорно-двигательного аппарата, связанные с нерациональным, чрезмерным или неравномерным развитием гибкости у спортсменок, которые занимаются художественной гимнастикой. Предложены пути устранения факторов риска, а также комплекс профилактических мероприятий.
Objective. To distinguish risk factors of locomotorium injuries and disorders in rhythmic gymnasts in the aspect of modern requirements for flexibility development.
Methods. Theoretical analysis and generalization of data of scientific and methodical literature, video analysis, methods of mathematical statistics.
Results. The study shows that performance of most elements of different structural groups requires a high level of flexibility, which may be one of the risk factors for locomotorium injuries and disorders. In the course of long-term training functional specialization of the lower extremities and body side is formed in the gymnasts, which may lead to an imbalance in the development of physical capacities and become one of the reasons for posture deviations. Ways to eliminate risk factors are suggested.
Conclusions. The risk factors for locomotorium injuries and disorders associated with irrational, excessive or uneven flexibility development in female gymnastics are highlighted. It is suggested to use traditional and specific means and methods for developing flexibility, as well as a set of preventive measures.